Respiratory allergies in a nut-shell.
A common and distressing inflammatory condition affecting the upper airways and the membranes of the nose and eyes, caused by an allergic reaction to an allergen. Conjunctivitis often accompanies this condition. In this case, it is known as allergic rhinoconjunctivitis. This condition is often associated with asthma.
Blocked or running nose, sneezing, itching and watering eyes and inflamed eyelids. Symptoms may be seasonal (hay fever) or year-round.
A form of asthma caused by exposure of the bronchial mucosa to an inhales airborne allergen. Asthma is a commonly occurring and potentially life-threatening illness where the respiratory airways become inflamed and swollen. This inflammation also causes an increase in airway responsiveness to a variety of stimuli.
Shortness of breath, tight chest, cough or bronchospasm, wheezing. These symptoms are usually associated with widespread but variable airflow limitation that is at least partly reversible with medication.
The prevalence of allergies (not only respiratory) in the country sur.
Who diagnoses respiratory allergies?
An accurate and early diagnosis should be made by a doctor, so the allergy can be managed and exacerbations avoided. Respiratory allergies are diagnosed based on clinical history, physical examination and specific questions. Allergic rhinitis is classified mild or moderate/severe, depending on the intensity of symptoms and the impact on quality of life.
Depending on severity, your doctor may do skin prick tests and blood tests to measure specific IgE. These tests reveal which allergens are the most important causes of the symptoms. Your doctor can then decide on the appropriate treatment, while you should avoid exposure.
It is important to identify and avoiding the allergens that affect you. However, there are also medical treatments available that your doctor might prescribe in your case:
- Nasal antihistamine
- Oral antihistamines
- Topical intranasal steroids
- Nasal decongestants (only in certain situations)
- Oral steroids (only in certain situations)
- Surgical treatment
Some of those treatments above might be non-prescription products in your country, so you should seek the advice of your pharmacist before buying any medicine.